Naboka Y.L.

Department of Microbiology and Virology No.1

Rostov State Medical University - Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation


The study of urinary tract`s microbiome and / or microbiota was not included in the basic projects such as “Human microbiome project”. The main reasons are the paradigm about the urine "sterility" and the narrow focus of the bacteriological research standards. However, the urine of healthy people is not sterile and contains a wide pattern of various microorganisms.

It was established that in the etiological structure of upper and lower urinary tract diseases dominates mixed infection (with a high specific gravity of difficult-to-cultivate anaerobic microorganisms). In order to determine the etiological significance of any microbiota taxon, the main importance is not the number of microorganisms (diagnostically significant levels of bacteriuria), but qualitative characteristics, in particular, pathogenicity islands (PAIs).

Currently, the myth of the contamination of the fetus, amniotic fluid, and placenta is completely dispelled. Newborns have a unique microbiome and / or microbiota regardless of delivery mode.


Prof. Julia Lazarevna Naboka, MD, PhD, DSc


Specialization: Microbiology


Position at the Institution, country: Head of Department of Microbiology and Virology, Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia


Born, DOB in town, country: 03.05.1965, г. Rostov-on-Don, Russia


Graduated from: Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia


Achievements, prizes: Main scientific interests – the normal microbiota of urogenital tract, including etiology, pathogenesis of urological and gynaecological diseases. She is the author of the first Russian scientific research and monography about the non-sterility of the newborn in normal pregnancy, as well as the nonsterility of the urine and the urogenital tract. Member of Russian scientific-practical community of the microbiologists, epidemiologists, parasitologists and EAU.


Authored / published: Author of more than 280 scientific publications, co-author of 6 national monographies, co-author of The European Text book Urogenital Infections. Has more than 20 presentations on the congresses of EAU for the last 10 years.


Areas of interest / areas of expertise: microbiology, virology, urology, gynaecology, pediatrics